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28 Sep 2023

Pimples and Blackheads Treatments, Symptoms, and Causes

Pimples and Blackheads

What you need to know about Blackheads

Blackheads are small, dark lesions on the skin that commonly appear on the face and neck. They are a feature of mild acne but can occur without other symptoms.

Blackheads in a Nutshell

Blackheads in a Nutshell

Blackheads remain caused by oxidized melanin rather than trapped dirt.

Squeezing or scrubbing at blackheads can aggravate them.

Avoid oil-based skin carefulness products, humid environments, tight clothing, and skin products containing alcohol to reduce blackheads.

They usually appear when hormones cause the glands beneath the skin to produce more sebum, an oily substance.

What exactly are Blackheads?

Comedones are a type of blackhead. Comedones form when the pores in the skin become clogged with dead skin cells and sebum, an oily, protective substance.

The top of the blackhead, which is noticeable on the skin’s surface, is dark in colour.

Hair typically grows from hair follicles in the pores, and the sebaceous glands that produce sebum lie beneath.

When these pores become clogged, the dead skin cells in the open pore react with the oxygen in the air and turn black, resulting in the formation of a blackhead.

It is frequently confused with trapped dirt, but the development of blackheads is unrelated to skin cleanliness.

Other acne lesions are usually closed, but blackheads open the skin around the clogged pore, allowing air to enter. When air enters, the accumulated sebum oil or dead skin cells oxidize and turn black or yellowish.

Blackheads most commonly appear on the face, back, neck, chest, arms, and shoulders. It is because these areas have more hair follicles.


Certain factors can increase the likelihood of developing blackheads.

Age and hormonal changes are important considerations. Blackheads, like other acne symptoms, are most common during puberty, when hormonal changes cause an increase in sebum production. They can, however, appear at any age.

Androgen, the male sex hormone, causes increased sebum secretion and skin cell turnover around puberty. During adolescence, both boys and girls have higher levels of androgens.

Hormonal changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy, and birth control pills can also cause blackheads in women after puberty.

The body’s overproduction of skin cells can result in blackheads.

Other Considerations Include:

Heavy sweating, shaving, and other actions that open the hair follicles, high humidity, and grease in the immediate environment. Some health conditions, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), such as stress, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Some steroid-based drugs, such as corticosteroids, promote rapid skin cell turnover.

Contrary to popular belief, blackheads remain not caused by poor hygiene. However, excessive scrubbing to remove them can aggravate the situation.


The chief symptom is the small, dark lesion that offers rise to the term “blackhead.”

Blackheads are an acne symptom, but because they are caused by open pores, they differ from other acne lesions in some ways.

Blackheads are not painful. It means they are not infected and will not cause the same pain and discomfort as pimples and pustules.

Blackheads remain raised in texture, but flatter than pimples.

In some patients, the change in appearance caused by blackheads can cause embarrassment and social or psychological difficulties.

Dos and Don’ts of Treatment

Maximum people manage their blackheads at home without visiting a doctor, but certain activities can aggravate them or trigger a more severe type of acne.

There are numerous myths and contradictions regarding how to treat blackheads, so it may be best to experiment to see what works for you.

Do’s and Don’ts for Blackheads

Cleaning: Special exfoliating scrubs for the face can help. Look for fragrance-free and sensitive skin products, and avoid anything that causes your skin to become excessively dry. Online, you can buy a variety of products.

While it is essential to dry the skin by reducing excessive oil production, drying it too much may aggravate the situation by stimulating the extra oil production by the skin.

Makeup and cosmetics: Use non-comedogenic products that do not clog pores and instead keep the pores clear and open while reducing dead skin buildup. Non-comedogenic makeup can remain purchased online from a variety of brands.

Non-inflammatory acne treatments such as azelaic acid, salicylic acid, and benzoyl peroxide are available in prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) forms. These are topical treatments that are applied to the skin.

Prescription vitamin A medications, such as tretinoin, tazarotene, and adapalene. May remain prescribed to prevent plugs from starting in hair follicles and promote a faster skin cell turnover.

However, maximum people do not seek these treatments until their acne has progressed to an infected or severe form, such as cystic acne pimples. If the blackheads become bothersome, it may be best to have them removed by a skin care specialist.

Underlying conditions:

Extra skin issues, such as eczema or rosacea, can make treating blackheads more difficult. The condition should be preserved before the acne, as successful treatment may result in blackhead reduction.


Getting enough breaks and avoiding stress can also aid in sebum production, as stress can trigger it. Exercise can help in stress reduction.


While research has not proven that avoiding fries or chocolate will or will not reduce acne, a healthy, balanced diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables benefits overall health. In addition, it may lower the likelihood of skin lesions becoming infected.

Dos and Don’ts for Blackheads

Blackheads are unavoidable due to hormonal triggers, but some factors can increase or worsen the risk.

Squeezing: Squeezing blackheads, even with a metal blackhead remover, can irritate the skin and aggravate the problem.


Because it “opens the pores,” a steam bath has long been recommended for blackheads treatment. However, research has not confirmed this. Instead, some people believe it exacerbates the problem.


It can aggravate the situation. In addition, scrubbing gets rid of sebum. The sebaceous glands then have to work harder to replace the sebum, which causes more blockages and increases the risk of inflammatory acne.

Removal strips, covers, and vacuums should be used carefully because they can irritate and damage the skin if misused.

Cosmetics and makeup:

Avoid oil-based makeup and skin care products.

Other Environmental Triggers to avoid are as follows:

humid environments, tight clothes that are near the skin alcohol-based skin products, as these can also tighten and dry out the skin

Hydrogen peroxide has remained recommended for acne treatment. It can help to lessen the severity of outbreaks, but it is a harsh product that can dry and irritate the skin. Because of its adverse effects, researchers remain divided on whether it should stay used.


Small pimples called “blackheads” develop on your skin as a result of blocked hair follicles. Due to the surface’s appearance of being dark or black, these lumps are known as blackheads.

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